A Study into the Influence of the Car Geometry on the Aerodynamic Transient Effects Arising in a High Rise Lift Installation

Hayder Al-Jelawy, Stefan Kaczmarczyk, Seyed Mirhadizadeh and Dhirgham AlKhafaji

Wednesday 21st September 2016

One of the main goals in designing a high-speed lift system is developing a more aerodynamically efficient car geometry that guarantees good ride comfort and reduces energy consumption. In this study, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model has been developed to analyse an unsteady turbulent air flow around two cars moving in a lift shaft. The paper is focused on transient aerodynamic effects arising when two cars pass each other in the same shaft at the same speed. The scenarios considered in the paper involve cars having three different geometries. Aerodynamic forces such as the drag force that occur due to the vertical opposite motions of the cars have been investigated. Attention is paid to the airflow velocity and pressure distribution around the car structures. The flow pattern in the boundary layer around each car has been calculated explicitly to examine the flow separation in the wake region. The results presented in the paper would be useful to guide lift designers to understand and mitigate the aerodynamic effects arising in the lift shaft.

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